Sunday, December 28, 2008

Organic Chemistry Concepts - General Organic Chemistry - - Study Guide - IIT JEE

Hybridisation of carbon; Sigma and pi-bonds; Shapes of molecules;

Structural and geometrical isomerism; Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centers, (R,S and E,Z nomenclature excluded);

Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections);

IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, mono-functional and bi-functional compounds);

Resonance and hyperconjugation; Keto-enol tautomerism;

Determination of empirical and molecular formula of simple compounds (only combustion method);

Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids;

Inductive and resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases;

Polarity and inductive effects in alkyl halides;

Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage; Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions and free radicals.

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