Tuesday, December 29, 2009

IIT JEE Chemistry Concepts Revision Materials

The full list of links to various posts of revision materials is being assembled on google knol platform as it is more easy on it.

Visit

IIT JEE Chemistry Concepts Revision Materials

The links will direct you to this blog. Right click on the required links to read the points.

Friday, October 9, 2009

Revision Facilitator - Organic Chemistry - Special Reactions

Compiling links for various special reactions in organic chemistry in an article on google knol. On google knol linking is more easy.

http://knol.google.com/k/kvss/iit-jee-revision-organic-chemistry-some/1zb6eis38d7or/20

The links redirect you to this blog only for the post having the material on the reaction.

Thursday, July 30, 2009

Some More Articles on Chemistry on Knol Platform

I collected some more articles on chemistry on the knol platform


Knol sub-directory – new knols - chemistry
http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao-kvss/-/2utb2lsm2k7a/1537#


Presently these articles are not exclusive to IIT JEE. I shall motivate authors to write articles focused on JEE topics and then give a list of articles exclusively useful to JEE.

This list is a list of all new knols on chemistry. From this list I shall periodically select interesting knols and transfer them to interesting knol list.

Thursday, July 23, 2009

Chemistry Articles in Knol - Google's Article Site

Knol is google's article site. Many professors and teachers are writing various articles in the site.

Presently there are 250,000 articles.
I am collecting interesting articles from them in the areas chemistry, mathematics and physics and arranging them into a directory for easy access by IIT JEE aspirants.

Knol Sub-Directory - Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics

Saturday, July 18, 2009

Interesting Chemistry Articles for Download

http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao-kvss/-/2utb2lsm2k7a/1448#


A list of many intersting articles for download. There are more articles on knol platform. You can further search on knol of topic of your interest.

Sunday, July 5, 2009

Hydroboration Oxidation of Alkenes

Alkenes react with diborane (B2H6) and form trialkyl boranes.
Trialkylboranes then react with H2O2 and give alcohols.

Due to this reaction Propene is converted to alcohol

H3C-CH=CH2 is converted to H3C-CH2-CH2OH

The final result of this raction is the addition of a water molecule to the double bond of the molecule in a direction opposite to that of Markownikov rule.

This reaction was discovered by Herbert C. Brown, who was awared Nobel prize in 1980 for the synthetic use of the reaction.

Sunday, June 7, 2009

Muffle Furnace

The relevant meaning of muffle to understand what is muffle furnace.

(v. t.) A small oven for baking and fixing the colors of painted or printed pottery, without exposing the pottery to the flames of the furnace or kiln.
(v. t.) An earthenware compartment or oven, often shaped like a half cylinder, used in furnaces to protect objects heated from the direct action of the fire, as in scorification of ores, cupellation of ore buttons, etc.

http://thinkexist.com/dictionary/meaning/muffle/



A muffle furnace is a (usually) front-loading box-type oven or kiln
for high-temperature applications (up to 1200 C) such as fusing glass,
creating enamel coatings, etc.

Friday, May 15, 2009

Noble Prize Winners in Chemistry from 2001 - IIT JEE - Extra-curricular Study

Year - Scientist/Chemist

2001 - K. Barry Sharpless (US), William S. Knowles, (US), Ryoji Noyori (Japan)


2002 - JOhn B. Fenn (US), Kurt Wuthrich (Swiss), Koichi Tanaka(Japan)

2003 - Peter Agre, Roderick Mackinnon , US

2004 - Aaron Ciechanover, Avram Hershko (Both Israel). Irwin Rose (USA)

2005 - Yves Chauvin (France), Robert H. Grubbs, Richard H. Schrock (both US)

2006

2007

2008

Thursday, May 7, 2009

IIT JEE Memory Skills - Rote Learning

Rote Learning

Rote learning is a learning technique which avoids understanding the inner complexities and inferences of the subject that is being learned and instead focuses on memorizing the material so that it can be recalled by the learner exactly the way it was read or heard. In other words, it is learning "just for the test".

The major practice involved in rote learning techniques is learning by repetition, based on the idea that one will be able to recall the meaning of the material the more they repeat it. However, in many fields, especially mathematics and related disciplines, this can often produce poor results.

Rote learning is also referred to as parrot fashion, regurgitation or mugging. However, with some material rote learning is the only way to learn it in a timely manner. For example, when learning the alphabets, the vocabulary of a foreign language or the conjugation of foreign irregular verbs, since they have no inner structure or their inner complexity is too subtle to be learned explicitly in a short time.

http://www.k12academics.com/educational-psychology/rote-learning

Rote learning is the least efficient memory aid. Most people cannot remember rote-learned information for very long.

What is the important point to be noted by JEE aspirants? When you are studying for the first time make sure you understand the meaning of every sentence in the lesson. You will be able to recall information better when you have understood the meaning of every sentence and word? Why can you recall better. Because memory is related to association. When you say you understood a word or sentence, you are able express the word in a picture that represents the word or you are able to express it in a different word that is more familiar to you. So in either case you are associating the new word or a sentence with word and pictures which are already your memory and this helps in better recall.


Rote learning works better when the material has built-in memory cues of its own.

Rehearsal is an important part of rote learning. You have to make sure to schedule adequate time for it in your study schedule.

Rote by Rhythm and Rhyme

Rhythm and rhyme are built-in memory aids. If you can write your sentences with with rhyming words. That will help you in recollecting the material fast.

Rote by Tune
If information can be arranged into a familiar tune you will recollect it more easily.

Rote and rewrite

Generally writing something over and over is a poor memory strategy. Not much sinks in.

But writing may help in remembering spelling.

Also as explaining a concept to yourself helps in memorizing it and you can write down your explanation. That will help you to review your own explanation and also helps in memorizing it. In writing your explanation, you can build in rhythm, rhyme, tune, cue words into the writeup.

Interesting Post

http://rationalmathed.blogspot.com/2009/04/memorizing-vs-rote-learning-drilling.html

IIT JEE Memory Skills

I just located a book on memory skills in our library.

It is a book by World Book Inc. pub in 1986. the material is interesting. I shall write about the various techniques given in the books in future posts.

Memory by rote
Rote with no aids
Rote by rhythm and rhyme
Rote by tune
Rote with games
Rote and rewrite
Inside joggers
Mental pictures
Chunking
Renaming
Key words
Linked sentences
First-letter cues
Acrostics
Acronyms
memory pairs
Clusters
Peg systems
Rhyming peg words
Alpha pegs
The Phonetic system
Phonetics and Peg words
Plotting points
points to write by
Points to speak by
Story chaining
Outside joggers
Flash cards
Cue cards

Experience
Math aids
Use your fingers
Use props
Marbles, Buttons, pebbles or pennies
Card board figures

Sunday, May 3, 2009

IIT JEE Detailed Chapter Study Plans for Chemistry

I completed preparing detailed study plans for all chapters of chemistry. You can visit them through the label Jauhar chapter study guide.

The same study plan is applicable to AIEEE also as this time I used CBSE syllabus as the basis for developing yearly study plans.

Friday, May 1, 2009

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Plans - Progress

I justed posted the study plna for chapter 6, chemical kinetics. I may complete plans for all chapters by tomorrow night. That will complete study plans for all subjects. Once I link all the chapters to the study plan for JEE 2011, the annual plans give you a view of what lies ahead in terms of basic preparation.

I urge all candidates to be ahead of the plan and ask questions regarding the chapter during the planned study period. The benefit - many may be reading the chapters. Hence you will get the answer from somebody.

Wednesday, April 22, 2009

Cyanide Process or Cyanide Leaching Process of Extracting Gold and Silver

Mixing the tailings of gold and silver ores with a cyanide solution, or simply spraying the tailings with a cyanide solution, would cause a chemical reaction to take place. When gold and silver come in contact with cyanide, they it liquefy. Now the gold-silver-cyanide solution can be drained off and processed further.
Another chemical reaction is put to work to separate the cyanide solution from the liquid gold and silver. Zinc is mixed with this solution, which causes the gold and silver to return to a solid form.

Now there is a solid of gold, silver, and zinc. Yet another chemical reaction is used to remove the zinc. Sulphuric acid dissolves the zinc and leaves just the gold-silver mixture.

From this gold-silver solid, gold and silver are separated by further processing.

http://www.bodie.com/st/cyanide.asp

Monday, April 20, 2009

IIT JEE Chemistry Study Plan Chapter 16. Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

Text Book Modern's abc of Chemistry CBSE Class XI

Sections in the chapter


16.1 Purification of Organic Compounds
16.2 Qualitative Analysis
16.3 Quantitative Analysis
16.4 Determination of Molecular Mass
16.5 Mass Spectrometer
16.6 Empirical Formula and Molecular Formula
16.7 Modern Methods of Structural Elucidation



Conceptual Questions with Answers: 14
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 10
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions 20
Short Answer Questions 27
Long Answer Questions 10

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: 25
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 5

Study Plan

Day 1

16.1 Purification of Organic Compounds

Day 2
Revision of 16.1
Practice Problems 16.1 to 16.11

Day 3

16.2 Qualitative Analysis
PP. 16. 12 to 16.15

Day 4

16.3 Quantitative Analysis

Day 5
16.3 contd.
PP. 16.13 to 16.18

Day 6
16.4 Determination of Molecular Mass

Day 7

16.5 Mass Spectrometer
16.6 Empirical Formula and Molecular Formula
Example 16.13 to 16.20


Day 8
Example 16.21 to 16.25
16.7 Modern Methods of Structural Elucidation
PP. 16.19 to 16.25

Day 9
PP. 16.26 to 16.32
Conceptual Questions with Answers: 14


Day 10
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 10
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 20

Day 11
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions 27

Day 12
Competition File: Objective Questions: 25

Day 13
Competition File: Fill in the blanks: 10
Competition File: True or False: 5

Day 14
Revision of concepts

Day 15
Revision of concepts

Thursday, March 12, 2009

IIT JEE Chemistry Study Guide - Introduction

The study guides for each chapter are study plans for the chapter. They are based on the text book on Chemistry Dr. S.P. Jauhar for CBSE course XI and XII.

The publishers are
Modern Publishers
Gulab Bhawan
6, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg,
New Delhi - 110 002
Ph. 23317931

The study plan is complete the study of the entire book of a class XI or XII during the period 1 May 20xx to 31 December 20xx.

The plan gives the core study and problem solving structure. The student will have examinations etc. during his course at the school as well as coaching institutes. These examinations provide opportunity to him to read the material for the purpose of remembering and recollecting. Examinations provide him the practice. January to April of the year can be devoted to revision for the final examinations as well as for answering various test papers.

Wednesday, March 11, 2009

JEE - Study Guide - 2. States of Matter

Contents

2.1 Intermolecular forces Versus thermal Energy of the three States of Matter
2.2 Measurable Properties of Gases
2.3 Gas Laws
Examples: 2.1 to 2.3
P.P 2.1 to 2.5
Example 2.4 to 2.7
P.P. 2.6 to 2.10
Ex. 2.8 to 2.19
P.P 2.11 to 2.23


2.4 Some Problems inolving Chemical Equations
Ex. 2.20 to 2.23
P.P 2.24 to 2.28
Ex. 2.24 to 2.27
P.P 2.29 to 37
Ex. 2.28 to 2.30
P.P 2.29 to 37
P.P. 2.38 to 2.45

2.6 Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases
2.7 Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution of Molecular Speeds
Ex. 2.31 to 2.35
P.P. 2.46 to 2.51

2.8 Deviations from Ideal Gas Behavior - Real Gases
Ex. 2.36 to 2.39
P.P. 2.52, 2.53

2.9 Liquifaction of Gases and the Critical Phenomena
Ex. 2.40 to 2.41

Liquid State of Matter

2.10 Kinetic Molecular Model For Liquids
2.11 Properties of Liquids
Ex. 2.42, 2.43
P.P. 2.54 to 2.56

Solid State of Matter
2.12 Characteristics of Solids
2.13 Classification of Solids
2.14 size and Share of Crystals
2.15 types of Solids on the Basis of Binding Forces
2.16 Intermolecular Forces

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 25
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 15
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions 25
Short Answer Questions 35
Long Answer Questions 6

Competition File
Numerical Problems 30
Objective Questions: 50
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10


Study Plan


Day 1

2.1 Intermolecular forces Versus thermal Energy of the three States of Matter
2.2 Measurable Properties of Gases
2.3 Gas Laws
Examples: 2.1 to 2.3


Day 2
P.P 2.1 to 2.5
Example 2.4 to 2.7

Day 3
P.P. 2.6 to 2.10
Ex. 2.8 to 2.19

Day 4
P.P 2.11 to 2.23


2.4 Some Problems inolving Chemical Equations
Ex. 2.20 to 2.23

Day 5
P.P 2.24 to 2.28
Ex. 2.24 to 2.27


Day 6
P.P 2.29 to 37
Ex. 2.28 to 2.30


Day 7
P.P. 2.38 to 2.45

2.6 Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases

Day 8
2.7 Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution of Molecular Speeds
Ex. 2.31 to 2.35

Day 9
P.P. 2.46 to 2.51

2.8 Deviations from Ideal Gas Behavior - Real Gases
Ex. 2.36 to 2.39

Day 10
P.P. 2.52, 2.53
2.9 Liquifaction of Gases and the Critical Phenomena
Ex. 2.40 to 2.41

Day 11
Liquid State of Matter

2.10 Kinetic Molecular Model For Liquids
2.11 Properties of Liquids
Ex. 2.42, 2.43

Day 12
P.P. 2.54 to 2.56

Solid State of Matter
2.12 Characteristics of Solids
2.13 Classification of Solids

Day 13
2.14 size and Share of Crystals
2.15 types of Solids on the Basis of Binding Forces
2.16 Intermolecular Forces

From Revision Period

day 14
Conceptual Questions with Answers: 25

Day 15
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 15

Revision Exercises

Day 16
Very Short Answer questions 25

Day 17 & 18
Short Answer Questions 35

Long Answer Questions 6

Competition File

Day 19 & 20
Numerical Problems 30

Day 21 to 23
Objective Questions: 50

Day 24
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

IIT JEE - Study Guide - 5. First Law of Thermodynamics and Chemical Energetics

Sections in the Chapter - Jauhar

5.1 Some Basic Terms and Concepts
5.2 Modes of Transference of Energy between System and Surroundings
5.3 Internal Energy and Internal Energy Change
5.4 Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
5.5 Law of Conservation of Energy: First Law of Thermodynamics
5.6 Enthalpy and Enthalpy change
5.7 Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions
5.8 Heat Capacity
5.9 Measurement of Internal Energy (Delta U) and enthalpy (Delta H) of a Reaction
5.10 Thermochemical Equations
5.11 Enthalpy Changes in Chemical Reactions
5.12 Enthalpy of Formation
5.13 enthalpy of Combustion
5.14 Enthalpy of Neutralization
5.15 Enthalpy of phase Transitions
5.16 Hess’s Law of Constant Heat Summation
5.17 Bond Enthalpy
5.18 Sources of Energy
5.19 Alternative Energy Sources


Conceptual Questions with Answers: 21
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 11
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions: 20
Short Answer Questions: 32
Long Answer Questions: 6

Competition File
Numerical Problems 15
Objective Questions: 39
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10


Study Plan

Day 1

5.1 Some Basic Terms and Concepts
Ex 5.1
5.2 Modes of Transference of Energy Between System and Surroundings

Day 2

5.3 Internal Energy and Internal Energy Change
5.4 Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
5.5 Law of Conservation of Energy: First Law of Thermodynamics
Day 3

5.6 Enthalpy and Enthalpy change
Ex 5.2 to 5.6

Day 4
Practice Problems 5.1 to 5.5
5.7 Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions
P.P 5.6, 5.7

Day 5

5.8 Heat Capacity
Ex. 5.7 to 5.9
5.9 Measurement of Internal Energy (Delta U) and enthalpy (Delta H) of a Reaction

Day 6

5.10 Thermochemical Equations
5.11 Enthalpy Changes in Chemical Reactions
5.12 Enthalpy of Formation

Day 7
Ex. 5.11 to 5.14
P.P 5.8 to 5.14

Day 8

5.13 enthalpy of Combustion
Ex. 5.15 to 17
P.P 5.15 to 5.18

Day 9

5.14 Enthalpy of Neutralization
Ex. 5.18
5.15 Enthalpy of phase Transitions
Ex. 5.19, 5.20

Day 10

5.16 Hess’s Law of Constant Heat Summation
Ex. 5.22, 5.23
P.P 5.19 to 5.22

Day 11
Hess’s Law continued
P.P 5.23,
Ex. 5.25
P.P 5.24
Ex. 5.26 to 5.28
P.P. 5.25 to 5.29

Day 12

5.17 Bond Enthalpy
Ex. 5.29 to 5.32

Day 13
P.P 5.30 to 5.33
5.18 Sources of Energy
5.19 Alternative Energy Sources

Day 14
Conceptual Questions with Answers: 1 to 21

Day 15

Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 5.1 to 5.11

Revision Period Starting

Day 16

Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 20

Day 17

Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions: 1 to 16

Day 18
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions: 16 to 32

Day 19
Competition File: Numerical Problems 1 to 5

Day 20
Competition File: Numerical Problems 6 to 10

Day 21
Competition File: Numerical Problems 11 to 15

Day 22
Objective Questions: 1 to 20

Day 23
Objective Questions: 21 to 39

Day 24

Fill in the blanks: 10

Day 25

True or False: 10

Day 26

Formula Revision

Day 27
Concept Revision

IIT JEE - Study Guide - 6. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Content of the Chapter

6.1 Causes of Chemical Combination
6.2 Lewis symbols
6.3 Octet Rule and Modes of Chemical Combination
6.4 Ionic or Electrovalent Bond
6.5 Covalent Bond
6.6 General Properties of Covalent Bond
6.7 Coordinate Covalent Bond
6.8 Formation of Ionic Bond
6.9 Lattice Enthalpy of Ionic Crystals
6.10 Born-Haber Cycle for Lattice Enthalpies
6.11 General Properties of Ionic Bonds
6.12 Geometry of Shapes of Molecules
6.13 Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory
6.14 Electronegativity – Polar and Non-Polar Character of Covalent Bonds
6.15 Valence Bond Approach of Covalent Bond
6.16 Bonding Parameters
6.17 Resonance
6.18 Directional Properties of Covalent Bonds
6.19 Metallic Bonding
6.20 Hydrogen Bonding

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 18
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions: 25
Short Answer Questions: 66
Long Answer Questions: 10

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: 51
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan

Study 18 days, Revision: 11 days


Day 1
6.1 Causes of Chemical Combination
6.2 Lewis symbols
Ex. 6.1
6.3 Octet Rule and Modes of Chemical Combination

Day 2
6.4 Ionic or Electrovalent Bond
Ex. 6.2
Practice Problems 6.1 to 6.2

Day 3
6.5 Covalent Bond

Day 4
6.6 General Properties of Covalent Bond
Ex. 6.3
P.P 6.3 to 6.8

Day 5
6.7 Coordinate Covalent Bond
6.8 Formation of Ionic Bond
6.9 Lattice Enthalpy of Ionic Crystals

Day 6

6.10 Born-Haber Cycle for Lattice Enthalpies
Ex. 6.3 to 6.6

Day 7
P.P. 6.9 to 6.11
6.11 General Properties of Ionic Bonds

Day 8
6.12 Geometry of Shapes of Molecules
6.13 Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory


Day 9
6.13 contd. Or revision
P.P. 6.12 to 6.14

Day 10
6.14 Electronegativity – Polar and Non-Polar Character of Covalent Bonds
Day 11
6.14 contd. Or Revision
P.P. 6.15 to 6.18

Day 12
6.15 Valence Bond Approach of Covalent Bond

Day 13
6.16 Bonding Parameters

Day 14
6.17 Resonance

Day 15
6.18 Directional Properties of Covalent Bonds

Day 16
6.18 contd.

Day 17
6.19 Metallic Bonding
6.20 Hydrogen Bonding

Day 18

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 1 to 18


Revision Begins

Day 19
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 1to 15

Day 20
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 15to 25

Day 21

Revision Exercises Short Answer Questions: 1 to 15

Day 22
Revision Exercises Short Answer Questions: 16 to 30

Day 23
Revision Exercises Short Answer Questions: 31 to 45

Day 24
Revision Exercises Short Answer Questions: 46 to 66


Day 25

Competition File: Objective Questions: 1 to 20

Day 26
Competition File: Objective Questions: 21 to 35
Day 27
Competition File: Objective Questions: 36 to 51

Day 28
Fill in the blanks: 10
Day 29
True or False: 10

JEE - Study Guide - 7. Equilibrium I – Equilibrium Process and Phase Equilibria

Contents

7.1 Equilibrium and Its dynamic nature
7.2 Equilibrium in Physical Processes
7.3 Equilibria involving Chemical Systems
7.4 Law of Chemical equilibrium and equilibrium Constant
7.5 Types of Chemical Equilibria
7.6 Applications of Equilibrium Constant
7.7 Factors Which change the State of Equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s Principle
7.8 Applications of Le Chatelier’s Principle of Physical Equilibrium




Conceptual Questions with Answers: 20
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 10
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions: 18
Short Answer Questions: 26
Long Answer Questions: 6

Competition File
Numerical Problems:10
Objective Questions: 31
Fill in the blanks: 5
True or False: 6

Study Plan

Regular Study 16 days, Revision: 9 days

Day 1

7.1 Equilibrium and Its dynamic nature
7.2 Equilibrium in Physical Processes

Day 2
7.2 contd.
Ex. 7.1

Day 3
7.3 Equilibria involving Chemical Systems

Day 4
7.4 Law of Chemical Equilibrium and Equilibrium Constant

Day 5
7.5 Types of Chemical Equilibria
Ex. 7.3

Day 6
7.5 contd.
Ex. 7.4
Day 7
7.6 Applications of Equilibrium Constant
Ex. 7.4 to 7.7

Day 8
Practice Problems 7.1 to 7.8

Day 9
7.6 contd.Ex. 7.8 to 7.19

Day 10
P.P 7.8 to 7.15

Day 11
P.P. 7.16 to 7.22

Day 12
7.7 Factors Which change the State of Equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s Principle

Day 13
7.7 contd.
7.8 Applications of Le Chatelier’s Principle of Physical Equilibrium
Ex. 7.20

Day 14
P.P. 7.23 to 7.28

Day 15

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 20

Day 16
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 10


Revision Period Start

Day 17
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 1 to 9

Day 18
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 9 to 18

Day 19
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions: 1 to 13

Day 20
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions: 14 to 26

Day 21
Competition File: Numerical Problems: 1 to 10

Day 22
Objective Questions: 1 to 15
Objective Questions: 16 to 31

Day 23
Fill in the blanks: 5
True or False: 6

Day 24
Concept Revision

Day 25
Formula Revision

IIT JEE - Study Guide - 8. Equilibrium II – Ionic Equilibrium in Solutions

Sections in the Chapter

8.1 Acid-base Concepts
8.2 Acid- base Equilibria and Ionization of Acids and Bases
8.3 Ionization of Water – Ionic Product of Water
8.4 Expressing Hydrogen Ion Concentration – pH Scale
8.5 Polyprotic Acids and Bases
8.6 Hydrolysis of Salts
8.7 Acid base Titrations and Indicators
8.8 Solubility Product
8.9 Buffer Solution


Conceptual Questions with Answers: 18
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 25
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions: 20
Short Answer Questions 25
Long Answer Questions 9

Competition File
Numerical Problems: 19
Objective Questions: 41
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan

Regular Study 16 days, Revision 11 days

Day 1

8.1 Acid-base Concepts

Day 2
8.1 contd.
Ex. 8.1 and 8.2
Practice Problems 8.1 to 8.8

Day 3
8.2 Acid- base Equilibria and Ionization of Acids and Bases
Ex. 8.3 to 8.6
P.P. 8.9 t0 8.10

Day 4
8.3 Ionization of Water – Ionic Product of Water
Ex. 8.7
P.P. 8.11 to 8.13

Day 5

8.4 Expressing Hydrogen Ion Concentration – pH Scale
Ex. 8.8 to 8.12

Day 6
Ex. 8.13 to 8.20

Day 7
P.P. 8.14 to 8.34

Day 8
8.5 Polyprotic Acids and Bases
Ex. 8.21 to 8.24
P.P. 8.35 to 8.38

Day 9
8.6 Hydrolysis of Salts

Day 10
Ex. 8.25 to 8.29
P.P. 8.39 to 8.46

Day 11

8.7 Acid base Titrations and Indicators
Ex. 8.30 and 8.31
P.P. 8.47 and 8.48

Day 12
8.8 Solubility Product
Ex. 8.32, 8.33
P.P. 8.49 to 8.54
Day 13
8.8 contd.
Ex. 8.35 to 8.40, 8.41 to 44
P.P. 8.55 to 8.58, 8.59 to 8.63


Day 14
8.9 Buffer Solution
Ex. 8.45 to 8.48
P.P. 8.64 to 8.66

Day 15

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 1 to 18

Day 16
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 25

Revision Period

Day 17
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 20

Day 18
Revision Exercises :Short Answer Questions 1 to 15

Day 19
Revision Exercises :Short Answer Questions 16 to 25

Day 20
Competition File: Numerical Problems: 1 to 10
Day 21
Competition File: Numerical Problems: 11 to 19
Day 22
Competition File: Objective Questions: 1 to 20
Day 23
Competition File: Objective Questions: 21 to 41

Day 24
Fill in the blanks: 10
Day 25
True or False: 10
Day 26
Concept Review
Day 27
Formula Review

JEE - Study Guide - 9. Redox Reactions

Sections in the Chapter

9.1 Oxidation and Reduction Reactions
9.2 Oxidation and Reduction Reactions as Electrons Transfer reactions
9.3 Redox Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
9.4 Oxidation Number
9.5 Redox Reactions in Terms of Oxidation Number
9.6 Oxidation Number and Nomenclature
9.7 Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
9.8 Indirect Redox Reactions – Electrochemical Cells
9.9 Representation of an Electrochemical Cell
9.10 Electrode Potential
9.11 E.M.F. or Cell Potential of a Cell
9.12 Measurement of Electrode Potentials
9.13 Electrochemical Series
9.14 Stoichiometry of Redox Reactions
9.15 Redox Reactions and Their Important Applications in Human Activity



Conceptual Questions with Answers: 10
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions: 30
Short Answer Questions: 30
Long Answer Questions 6

Competition File
Numerical Problems: 5
Objective Questions: 23
Fill in the blanks: 8
True or False: 8

Study Plan

Day 1

9.1 Oxidation and Reduction Reactions
9.2 Oxidation and Reduction Reactions as Electrons Transfer reactions
9.3 Redox Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
Ex. 9.1

Day 2
9.4 Oxidation Number
Ex. 9.2, 9.6

Day 3
P.P 9.1 to 9.7

Day 4
9.5 Redox Reactions in Terms of Oxidation Number
Ex. 9.7, 9.8
9.6 Oxidation Number and Nomenclature

Da 5
9.7 Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Ex. 9.9 to 9.11
P.P. 9.8 to 9.11

Day 6
9.7 contd.
Ex. 9.12 to 9.14
P.P. 9.12 to 9.13

Day 7
9.8 Indirect Redox Reactions – Electrochemical Cells
9.9 Representation of an Electrochemical Cell

Day 8
9.10 Electrode Potential
9.11 E.M.F. or Cell Potential of a Cell
9.12 Measurement of Electrode Potentials

Day 9
9.13 Electrochemical Series
Ex. 9.15 to 9.20

Day 10
9.14 Stoichiometry of Redox Reactions
Ex. 9.21 to 9.22
P.P. 9.14 to 9.16
Day 11
9.15 Redox Reactions and Their Important Applications in Human Activity
Conceptual Questions with Answers: 10

Day 12
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 30

Day 13
Revision Exercises:Short Answer Questions: 30

Day 14
Competition File: Numerical Problems: 5
Objective Questions: 23

Day 15
Competition File: Fill in the blanks: 8
True or False: 8

Day 16
Concept Revision

Day 17
Formula Revision

Day 18 to 30
General Revision and Additional test papers solving

JEE - Study Guide - 10. Principles and Processes of Extraction of Elements

Sections in the chapter

1. Origin of Elements
2. Distrubution of elements on earth
3. Elements of biological world
4. Ocean as a source of elements
5. Modes of occurrence of metals
6. Occurrence of metal: Minerals and ores
7. Mineral wealth of India
8. Extraction of elements
9. Extraction of nonmetallic elements
10. Extraction of metals: Metallurgy
11. Thermodynamics of metallurgy


Conceptual Questions with Answers:
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions
Short Answer Questions
Long Answer Questions

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions:
Fill in the blanks:
True or False:

Study Plan


Sections in the chapter


Day 1

1. Origin of Elements
2. Distrubution of elements on earth
3. Elements of biological world
4. Ocean as a source of elements

Day 2
Practice Problems 10.1 to 10.5
5. Modes of occurrence of metals
6. Occurrence of metal: Minerals and ores
7. Mineral wealth of India

Day 3
8. Extraction of elements
9. Extraction of nonmetallic elements
10. Extraction of metals: Metallurgy

Day 4
10. Contd

Day 5
10 contd.

Day 6
11. Thermodynamics of metallurgy

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 1 to 14

Day 7
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions 1 to 20
Short Answer Questions 1 to 35

Day 8

Competition File

Objective Questions: 1 to 24
Fill in the blanks: 1 to 6
True or False: 1 to 10

Day 9
Revision extraction of metals

Day 10
Revision of rest of the chapter

Days 11 to 20
Revision and test paper question solving

IIT JEE - Study Guide - Study Plan Chapter 11. Hydrogen

Sections in the Chapter - Jauhar

1. Unique position of hydrogen in the periodic table
2. Occurrence of hydrogen
3. Isotopes of hydrogen
4. Dihydrogen
5. Hydrides
6. Water
7. Heavy Water
8. Hard and Soft Water
9 Hydrogen Peroxide
10 Liquid Hydrogen as a Fuel
11 Hydrogen Economy


Conceptual Questions with Answers: 16
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions 25
Short Answer Questions 50
Long Answer Questions 14

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: 25
Fill in the blanks: 5
True or False: 5

Study Plan

Day 1

1. Unique position of hydrogen in the periodic table
2. Occurrence of hydrogen
3. Isotopes of hydrogen

Day 2

4. Dihydrogen
Practice Problems 11.1 to 11.10

Day 3

5. Hydrides

Day 4

6. Water
7. Heavy Water
8. Hard and Soft Water


Day 5
PP. 11.11 to 11.17

9 Hydrogen Peroxide

Day 6
PP. 11.18 to 11.25

10 Liquid Hydrogen as a Fuel
11 Hydrogen Economy

Day 7

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 16

Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 25

Day 8
Short Answer Questions 50

Day 9

Competition File

Objective Questions: 25
Fill in the blanks: 5
True or False: 5

Day 10
Concept Revision

Revision Period

Day 11 to Day 20
Revision and test paper problem solving

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Guide - Study Plan - 12. s-Block Elements

Sections in Jauhar's Book

12.1 Abundance and Occurrence
12.2 Anomalous Properties of First Element in Each Group
12.3 Diagonal Relationship

Chemistry of Alkali Metals

12.4 Occurrence
12.5 General Characteristics of Alkali Metals
12.6 General Characteristics of Compounds of Alkali Metals
12.7 Anomalous Behavior of Lithium
12.8 Diagonal Relationship

Chemistry of Li and Na and Its Compounds

12.9 Occurrence of Lithium and Sodium
12.10 Extraction of Lithium and Sodium
12.11 Some Important Compounds of Sodium

Chemistry of Alkaline Earth Metals

12.12 Occurrence
12.13 General Characteristics of Alkaline Earth Metals
12.14 General Characteristics of Compounds of Alkaline Earth Metals
12.15 Differences between Beryllium and Magnesium
12.16 Diagonal Similarities of Beryllium and Aluminium
12.17 Occurrence of Magnesium
12.18 Compounds of Magnesium and Calcium
12.19 Industrial Uses of Limestone and Lime
12.20 Cement

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 14
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions: 30
Short Answer Questions : 55
Long Answer Questions 15

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: 25
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan


Day 1

12.1 Abundance and Occurrence
12.2 Anomalous Properties of First Element in Each Group
12.3 Diagonal Relationship

Chemistry of Alkali Metals

12.4 Occurrence
12.5 General Characteristics of Alkali Metals

Day
12.5 contd. Chemical Properties

Day 3
12.6 General Characteristics of Compounds of Alkali Metals
12.7 Anomalous Behavior of Lithium
12.8 Diagonal Relationship

day 4

Chemistry of Li and Na and Its Compounds

12.9 Occurrence of Lithium and Sodium
12.10 Extraction of Lithium and Sodium

Day 5
12.11 Some Important Compounds of Sodium
Practice Problems
12.1 to 12.10


Day 6
Chemistry of Alkaline Earth Metals

12.12 Occurrence
12.13 General Characteristics of Alkaline Earth Metals
12.14 General Characteristics of Compounds of Alkaline Earth Metals
12.15 Differences between Beryllium and Magnesium

day 7
12.16 Diagonal Similarities of Beryllium and Aluminium
PP. 12.11 to 12.14
12.17 Occurrence of Magnesium
12.18 Compounds of Magnesium and Calcium

Day 8
PP. 12.15 to 12.24
12.19 Industrial Uses of Limestone and Lime
12.20 Cement

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 14
Day 9


Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 30
Revision Exercises: Short Answer questions: 1to 30

Day 10
Revision Exercises: Short Answer questions: 31 to 55

Revision Period

Day 11
Competition File - Objective Questions: 25

Day 12
Competition File - Fill in the blanks: 10
Competition File - True or False: 10

Day 13 to Day 20
Revision

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Guide - Study Plan - 13. Some p-Block Elements

Sections in the Chapter

Chemistry of Boron and Its compounds

13.1 Boron
13.2 Compounds of Boron

Chemistry of Carbon and its Compounds

13.3 Carbon
13.4 Compounds of Carbon

Chemistry of Nitrogen and its Compounds

13.5 Nitrogen
13.6 Compounds of Nitrogen

Chemistry of Oxygen and its Compounds


13.7 Oxygen
13.8 Simple Oxides
13.9 Ozone


Conceptual Questions with Answers: 26
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions 40
Short Answer Questions 38
Long Answer Questions 8

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: 40
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan

Chemistry of Boron and Its compounds

Day 1 and Day 2

13.1 Boron
13.2 Compounds of Boron


Day 3,4,5

Practice problems of Boron
Chemistry of Carbon and its Compounds

13.3 Carbon
13.4 Compounds of Carbon
Practice problems of Carbon

Day 6,7

Chemistry of Nitrogen and its Compounds

13.5 Nitrogen
13.6 Compounds of Nitrogen


Day 8,9,10


Practice Problems of Nitrogen

Chemistry of Oxygen and its Compounds

13.7 Oxygen
13.8 Simple Oxides
13.9 Ozone


Day 11

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 26

Day 12

Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 40

Day 13
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions 38

Day 14
Competition File: Objective Questions: 40

Day 15
Competition File:Fill in the blanks: 10
Competition File:True or False: 10

Day 16

Concept review

Day 17

Chemical Equations Review

JEE - Study Guide - 14. Organic Chemistry: Some Basic Principles

sections in the chapter


14.1 Tetravalency of Carbon
14.2 Hybridization and Shapes of Molecules
14.3 Structural Representation of Organic Compounds
14.4 Functional Group
14.5 Homologous Series
14.6 Different Classes of Aliphatic Compounds and Their Nomenclature
14.7 General Rules for Naming Organic Compounds
14.8 Writing Structural Formula from the Name of the Compound
14.9 Nomenclature of Aromatic Compounds
14.10 Isomerism
14.11 Electron Displacement in Covalent Bonds
14.12 Types of Bond Fission
14.13 Types of Attacking Reagents
14.14 Types of Organic Reactions


Conceptual Questions with Answers: 18
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions 40
Short Answer Questions 40
Long Answer Questions 14

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: 40
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan

Day 1

14.1 Tetravalency of Carbon
14.2 Hybridization and Shapes of Molecules
Ex. 14.1, 14.2
Practice Problems 14.1 to 4

Day 2

14.3 Structural Representation of Organic Compounds
Ex. 14.3 to 6
14.4 Functional Group
14.5 Homologous Series

Day 3

PP. 14.5 to 14.8
14.6 Different Classes of Aliphatic Compounds and Their Nomenclature
1. Hydrocarbons and 2 alkyl halides

Day 4

14.6 contd. 3 and 4
14.7 General Rules for Naming Organic Compounds

Day 5

14.7 contd.

Day 6

14.8 Writing Structural Formula from the Name of the Compound
14.9 Nomenclature of Aromatic Compounds

Day 7

Nomenclature Revision

Day 8

14.10 Isomerism

Day 9

14.11 Electron Displacement in Covalent Bonds

Day 10

14.12 Types of Bond Fission
14.13 Types of Attacking Reagents

Day 11

14.14 Types of Organic Reactions

Day 12

Conceptual Questions 1 to 18
Revision Exercises:Very Short Answer questions 1 to 30


Day 13
Revision Exercises:Very Short Answer questions 31 to 40

Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions 1 to 40

Day 14

Competition File: Objective Questions: 40

Day 15

Competition File: Fill in the blanks: 10
Competition File: True or False: 10


Revision Period

Days 16 to 30

Revision and test paper problems solving

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Guide - Study Plan - 15. Hydrocarbons

15.1 Classification of Hydrocarbons
15.2 Alkanes
15.3 Nomenclature of Alkanes
15.4 Conformations in Hydrocarbons
15.5 Preparation and Properties of Alkanes

Chemistry of Alkenes
15.6 Nomenclature of Alkenes
15.7 Isomerism in Alkenes
15.8 Stability of of Alkenes
15.9

Chemistry of Alkynes


15.10 Isomerism in Alkynes
15.11 Preparation and Properties of Alkynes

Chemistry of Alkadienes

15.12 Dienes
15.13 Stability of Conjugated Dienes
15.14 Delocalization of Electrons
15.15 Electrophilic addition to Conjugated Dienes

Chemistry of Aromatic Hydrocarbons

15.16 Arenes or Aromatic Hydrocarbons
15.17 Nomenclature
15.18 Stability and Structure of Benzene
15.19 Isomerism in Arenes
15.20 Aromaticity (Huckel Rule)
15.21 Sources of Aromatic Hydrocarbons
15.22 Preparation of Benzene and Its Homologues
15.23 Properties of Benzene and Its Homologues
15.24 Mechanism of Electrophilic Substitution Reactions of Benzene
15.25 Directive Influence of Substituents and Their Effect on reactivity
15.26 Polynuclear Hydrocarbons

Chemistry of Petroleum and Petrochemicals

15.27 Petroleum and Composition of Crude Oil
15.28 Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil
15.29 Quality of Gasoline – Octane Number
15.30 LPG and CNG
15.31 Cracking and Reforming
15.32 Petrochemicals

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 15
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions 45
Short Answer Questions 62
Long Answer Questions 10

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: 65
Fill in the blanks: 15
True or False: 18

Study Plan


Day 1

15.1 Classification of Hydrocarbons
15.2 Alkanes
15.3 Nomenclature of Alkanes
15.4 Conformations in Hydrocarbons

Day 2
15.5 Preparation and Properties of Alkanes (Preparation)

Day 3

15.5 Contd. Properties of alkanes

Day 4
Revision
Practice problems 15.3 to 15.12

Day 5

Chemistry of Alkenes
15.6 Nomenclature of Alkenes
15.7 Isomerism in Alkenes
PP. 15.13, 15.14

Day 6
15.8 Stability of of Alkenes
15.9 Preparation and Properties

Day 7
Revision
PP. 15.15 to 15.20
Conceptual Questions 5,8,9,11,


Day 8
Chemistry of Alkynes

15.10 Isomerism in Alkynes
15.11 Preparation and Properties of Alkynes

day 9
Revision
PP. 15.21 to 15.26

Day 10

Chemistry of Alkadienes

15.12 Dienes
15.13 Stability of Conjugated Dienes
15.14 Delocalization of Electrons
15.15 Electrophilic addition to Conjugated Dienes

Day 11

Chemistry of Aromatic Hydrocarbons

15.16 Arenes or Aromatic Hydrocarbons
15.17 Nomenclature
15.18 Stability and Structure of Benzene
15.19 Isomerism in Arenes

Day 12
15.20 Aromaticity (Huckel Rule)
15.21 Sources of Aromatic Hydrocarbons
15.22 Preparation of Benzene and Its Homologues

Day 13
15.23 Properties of Benzene and Its Homologues
15.24 Mechanism of Electrophilic Substitution Reactions of Benzene
15.25 Directive Influence of Substituents and Their Effect on reactivity
15.26 Polynuclear Hydrocarbons

Day 14

Chemistry of Petroleum and Petrochemicals

15.27 Petroleum and Composition of Crude Oil
15.28 Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil
15.29 Quality of Gasoline – Octane Number
15.30 LPG and CNG
15.31 Cracking and Reforming
15.32 Petrochemicals

Day 15

Examples 15.13 to 15.28

Revision period


Day 16

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 15

Day 17


Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 1 to 30

Day 18
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 31 to 45
Revision Exercises: Short Answer questions 1 to 15

Day 19

Revision Exercises: Short Answer questions 16 to 45

Day 20
Revision Exercises: Short Answer questions 46 to 62
Competition File-Objective Questions: 1 to 15

Day 21
Competition File-Objective Questions: 16 to 45

Day 22
Competition File-Objective Questions: 46 to 65
Competition File-Fill in the blanks: 15

Day 23

Competition File-True or False: 18

Day 24 - 30
Revision and test paper problem solving

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Guide - 17. Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Halogens

Sections in the Chapter of Jauhar

17.1 Classification of halogen Derivatives of Hydrocarbons
17.2 Nomenclature of Haloalkanes
17.3 Nomenclature of Aryl Halides
17.4 isomerism in Haloalkanes
17.5 Methods of Preparation of Haloalkanes
17.6 General Methods of Preparation of Haloarenes
17.7 Physical Properties of haloalkanes
17.8 Physical Properties of haloarenes
17.9 Nature of C-X Bond
17.10 Chemical Properties of Haloalkanes
17.11 Chemical Properties of Haloarenes
17.12 Some Commercially Important Compounds
17.13 Analysis and Difference Between Haloalkanes and Haloarenes



Conceptual Questions with Answers: 21
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions 31
Short Answer Questions: 38
Long Answer Questions: 11

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: 53
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan

Day 1

17.1 Classification of halogen Derivatives of Hydrocarbons
17.2 Nomenclature of Haloalkanes
17.3 Nomenclature of Aryl Halides

Day 2

17.4 isomerism in Haloalkanes
Ex. 17.1 to 17.4
PP. 17.1 to 17.6
Day 3

Revision Exercises; Very Very Short Answer questions 1,2, 7,9

17.5 Methods of Preparation of Haloalkanes
Ex. 17.5 to 17.8

Day 6
PP. 17.7 to 17.8
17.6 General Methods of Preparation of Haloarenes
Ex. 17.9

Day 7

17.7 Physical Properties of haloalkanes
17.8 Physical Properties of haloarenes
17.9 Nature of C-X Bond

Day 8

17.10 Chemical Properties of Haloalkanes

Day 9
Revision of th material
Ex. 17.10 to 17.15
PP. 17.9 to 17.18

Day 10

17.11 Chemical Properties of Haloarenes

Day 11
PP. 17.19 to 17.24

17.12 Some Commercially Important Compounds

Day 12
17.12 contd.

Day 13
17.13 Analysis and Difference Between Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
PP. 17.25 to 17.29

Day 14
Miscellaneous Problems 17.17 to 17.21
Conceptual questions 1 to 21

Day 15
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 31
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions: 38

Revision period

Day 16


Competition File: Objective Questions: 1 to 25

Day 17
Competition File: Objective Questions: 26 to 53

Day 18
Competition File: Fill in the blanks: 10
Competition File: True or False: 10

Day 19

Revision of 171. to 17.4

Day 20
Revision of 17.5 and 17.6

Day 21
Revision of 17.7 to 17.9

Day 22
Revision of 17.10,17.11

Day 23
Revision of 17.12, 17.13

IIT JEE - Chemistry - Study Guide - 6. Chemical Kinetics

Sections in the Chapter Jauhar

6.1 Rate of a chemical reaction
Practice Problems 6.1 to 6.6
6.2 Experimental measurement of reaction rate
6.3 Factors which influence rates of chemical reactions
6.4 Dependence of reaction rates on concentration
6.5 Order of a reaction
P.P. 6.7 to 6.10
6.6 Integrated rate expansion
6.7 Experimental determination of order of a reaction
P.P. 6.11, 6.12, 6.13 to 6.15, 6,16 to 6,23
6.8 Half life period of a reaction
P.P. 6.24 to 6.31
6.9 Collision theory: Energy and orientation barriers to reactions
6.10 Dependence of reaction rates on temperature
6.11 Concept of activation energy and activated complex theory
6.12 Arrhenius equation and calculation of activation energy
P.P. 6.32 to 6.39
6.13 Effect of radiations on reaction rates: photochemical reactions
6.14 Mechanism of a reaction
6.15 Fast reactions

Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 13

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 20
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 41
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions: 55
Long Answer Questions: 9

Competition File: Numerical Problems : 18
Competition File: Multiple choice Questions: 40
Competition File Fill in the blanks: 8
Competition File True or False: 10

Study Plan

Day 1

6.1 Rate of a chemical reaction
Practice Problems 6.1 to 6.6

Day 2

6.2 Experimental measurement of reaction rate
6.3 Factors which influence rates of chemical reactions
6.4 Dependence of reaction rates on concentration

Day 3

6.5 Order of a reaction
P.P. 6.7 to 6.10

Day 4

6.6 Integrated rate expansion
6.7 Experimental determination of order of a reaction
P.P. 6.11, 6.12, 6.13 to 6.15,

Day 5
6.7 Experimental determination of order of a reaction – P.P. 6,16 to 6,23

Day 6

6.8 Half life period of a reaction
P.P. 6.24 to 6.31

Day 7
6.9 Collision theory: Energy and orientation barriers to reactions
6.10 Dependence of reaction rates on temperature
6.11 Concept of activation energy and activated complex theory

Day 8
6.12 Arrhenius equation and calculation of activation energy
P.P. 6.32 to 6.39

Day 9

6.13 Effect of radiations on reaction rates: photochemical reactions
6.14 Mechanism of a reaction
6.15 Fast reactions

Day 10
Concept Revision: Key Facts to Remember
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice: 13

Day 11

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 20

Day 12
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 41

Day 13

Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions: 1 to 25

Day 14
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions: 26 to 55

Day 15
Competition File: Numerical Problems : 18

Revision Period

Day 16

Competition File: Multiple choice Questions: 1to 20

Day 17
Competition File: Multiple choice Questions: 21 to 40

Day 18

Competition File Fill in the blanks: 8
Competition File True or False: 10

Days 19 to 30
Concept revision and test paper problem/question solving

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Guide - 7. Surface Chemistry

Sections in the Chapter

7.1 Adsorption
7.2 Types of Adsorption
7.3 Adsorption of gases on solids
7.4 Adsorption from solutions
7.5 Applications of Adsorption
7.6 Catalysts
7.7 Enzyme Catalysts
7.8 Shape selective Catalysts by zeolites
7.9 Colloidal state
7.10 Phases of colloids and their Classification
7.11 Lyophilic and lyophobic colloids
7.12 Multi molecular, maromolecular and associated colloids
7.13 General methods of preparation of sols
7.14 Purification of colloidal solutions
7.15 Properties of colloidal solutions
7.16 Coagulation of colloidal solutions
7.17 Protection of colloids
7.18 Emulsions
7.19 Gels
7.20 Applications of colloids


Conceptual Questions with Answers: 15

Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 32
Revision Exercises: Short Answer questions 49

Revision Exercises: Long Answer Questions 17

Competition File: Multiple choice questions 30
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan

Day 1

7.1 Adsorption
7.2 Types of Adsorption
7.3 Adsorption of gases on solids

Day 2

7.4 Adsorption from solutions
7.5 Applications of Adsorption
7.6 Catalysts
7.7 Enzyme Catalysts
7.8 Shape selective Catalysts by zeolites

Day 3

7.9 Colloidal state
7.10 Phases of colloids and their Classification
7.11 Lyophilic and lyophobic colloids
7.12 Multi molecular, maromolecular and associated colloids
7.13 General methods of preparation of sols

Day 4

7.14 Purification of colloidal solutions
7.15 Properties of colloidal solutions
7.16 Coagulation of colloidal solutions

Day 5

7.17 Protection of colloids
7.18 Emulsions
7.19 Gels
7.20 Applications of colloids


Day 6

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 15

Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 32

Day 7
Revision Exercises: Short Answer questions 1 to 25

Day 8
Revision Exercises: Short Answer questions 26 to 49

Day 9

Competition File: Multiple choice questions 30
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Day 10
Concept revision
Formula revision

Revision Period

Day 11 to 20
Test paper problem solving, Revision of difficult questions/problems

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Guide - 8 - p-Block Elements

Sections in the chapter – Jauhar Text Book 12th Class



Study Plan

Group 13 elements

Day 1
8.1 Occurrence and their uses
8.2 General characteristics of Group 13 elements
8.3 Trends in chemical reactivity

Day 2
8.4 Aluminium: Extraction and properties
Practice problems: 8.1 to 8.8
Revision

Day 3

Group 14 Elements

8.5 Occurrence and uses
8.6 General characteristics of group 14 elements
8.7 Trends in chemical reactivity

Day 4
8.8 Forms of silica
8.9 Silicates
8.10 Silicones

Day 5

8.11 Tin and lead
P.P. 8.9 to 8.15
Revision

Day 6

Group 15 elements
8.12 Occurrence and uses
8.13 General characteristics of group 15 elements
8.14 Trends in chemical reactivity

Day 7

8.15 Production of phosphorus
8.16 Allotropic forms of phosphorus
8.17 Phosphine
8.18 Structure of some compounds of phosphorus

Day 8
P.P. 8.16 to 8.20

Group 16 elements

8.19 Occurrence and uses
8.20 General characteristics of group 16 elements
8.21 Trends in chemical reactivity

Day 9 and 10
8.22 Important compounds of group 16 elements
P.P 8.21 to 8.30

Day 11

8.23 Production of sulphur
8.24 allotropes of sulphur
8.25 Sulphuric acid

Group 17 elements

8.26 Occurrence and uses
8.27 General characteristics of group 17 elements

Day 12

8.28 Trends in chemical reactivity
8.29 Bleaching powder
8.30 Interhalogen compounds
P.P. 8.31 to 8.38

Day 13
Group 18 elements
8.31 Occurrence of noble gases
8.32 Isolation of noble gases and uses
8.32 General characteristics of group 18 elements
8.33 Compounds of noble gases

Day 14

pp. 8.39 to 8.41

Key factors to remember

Day 15
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 1 to 30

Day 16
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 31 to 50

Day 17
Short Answer Questions: 1 to 20

Day 18
Short Answer Questions: 21 to 40

Day 19
Short Answer Questions: 41 to 60

Day 20
Short Answer Questions: 61 to 85


Day 21
Competition File: Conceptual questions: 1 to 20

Day 22
Competition File: Conceptual questions: 21 to 47

Day 23
Competition File: Multiple choice questions: 1 to 15

Day 24
Competition File: Multiple choice questions: 16 to 30

Day 25
Competition File: Multiple choice questions: 31 to 43

Day 26
Fill in the blanks: 15

Day 27
True or False: 10

Day 28 to 30
Revision and test paper questions

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Guide - 9. d and f -Block Elements

Sections in the chapter - Jauhar

Chemistry of d-Block elements

9.1 Definition and electronic configurations
9.2 General characteristics of transition elements
9.3 General trends in chemistry of transition elements
Practice problems 9.1 to 9.10
9.4 General trends in some important compounds
9.5 Occurrence and principles of extraction of iron
9.6 Occurrence and principles of extraction of copper
9.7 Occurrence and principles of extraction of silver
9.8 Occurrence and principles of extraction of zinc
9.9 Occurrence and principles of extraction of mercury
9.10 Steel and important alloys
P.P. 9.11 to 9.16
9.11 Some important compounds of transition metals
P.P. 9.17 to 9.22
9.12 Photography

Chemistry of f-Block elements

9.13 f-Block elements
9.14 General characteristics of Lanthanides and Actinides
9.15 Actinides
9.16 General characteristics of Actinides
9.17 Comparison of Actinide and Lanthanide series
P.P. 9.23 to 9.26

Key facts to remember
Conceptual Questions with Answers: 25
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions: 35
Short Answer Questions: 55
Long Answer Questions: 24

Competition File
Typical questions 8
Objective Questions:
Muliple choice questions: 50
Fill in the blanks: 15
True or False: 10

Study Plan

10 days main study
10 days revision


Day 1
Chemistry of d-Block elements

9.1 Definition and electronic configurations
9.2 General characteristics of transition elements
9.3 General trends in chemistry of transition elements up to melting and boiling points

Day 2
9.3 General trends in chemistry of transition elements – remaining portion.
Practice problems 9.1 to 9.10

Day 3

9.4 General trends in some important compounds
9.5 Occurrence and principles of extraction of iron

Day 4
9.6 Occurrence and principles of extraction of copper
9.7 Occurrence and principles of extraction of silver
9.8 Occurrence and principles of extraction of zinc
9.9 Occurrence and principles of extraction of mercury
9.10 Steel and important alloys
P.P. 9.11 to 9.16

Day 5

9.11 Some important compounds of transition metals
P.P. 9.17 to 9.22
9.12 Photography

Day 6

Chemistry of f-Block elements

9.13 f-Block elements
9.14 General characteristics of Lanthanides and Actinides
9.15 Actinides
9.16 General characteristics of Actinides

Day 7

9.17 Comparison of Actinide and Lanthanide series
P.P. 9.23 to 9.26

Key facts to remember

Day 8

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 25

Day 9
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 35

Day 10

Short Answer Questions: 1 to 30 55

Revision period

Day 11
Short Answer Questions: 31 to 55

Day 12
Competition File: Typical questions 8

Day 13

Competition File: Muliple choice questions: 1 to 25

Day 14
Competition File: Muliple choice questions: 26 to 50

Day 15

Fill in the blanks: 15

Day 16
True or False: 10

Day 17 to 20
Revision and test paper questions

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Guide - 10. Co-ordination Compounds and Organometallics

Sections in the chapter Jauhar Book

10.1 Coordination compounds
10.2 Important terms in Coordination compounds
Practice Problems: 10.1 to 10.5
10.3 IUPAC formulation and nomenclature of Coordination compounds
P.P. 10.6
10.4 Isomerism in Coordination compounds
P.P. 107 to 10.10
10.5 Bonding in Coordination compounds
10.6 Werner’s coordination theory
10.7 Valency bond theory for bonding in Coordination compounds
10.8 Crystal theory
10.9 Stability of Coordination compounds in solution
10.10 General methods of preparation of Coordination compounds
10.11 Applications of Coordination compounds
10.12 Organometallic compounds
10.13 Bonding in organometallic compounds
10.14 Synthesis of organometallic compounds

Key facts to remember
Conceptual Questions with Answers:
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions : 25
Short Answer Questions : 60
Long Answer Questions : 14

Competition File
Typical questions: 11
Objective Questions:
Multiple choice questions: 28
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan

Main Study 10 days
Revision 10 days

Day 1

10.1 Coordination compounds
10.2 Important terms in Coordination compounds
Practice Problems: 10.1 to 10.5


Day 2

10.3 IUPAC formulation and nomenclature of Coordination compounds
P.P. 10.6

Day 3

10.4 Isomerism in Coordination compounds
P.P. 107 to 10.10

Day 4

10.5 Bonding in Coordination compounds
10.6 Werner’s coordination theory
10.7 Valency bond theory for bonding in Coordination compounds

Day 5

10.8 Crystal theory

Day 6
10.9 Stability of Coordination compounds in solution
10.10 General methods of preparation of Coordination compounds
10.11 Applications of Coordination compounds

Day 7

10.12 Organometallic compounds
10.13 Bonding in organometallic compounds
10.14 Synthesis of organometallic compounds
Key facts to remember

Day 8

Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions : 25

Day 9
Short Answer Questions : 1 to 30

Day 10

Short Answer Questions : 31 to 60

Revision Period

Day 11
Competition File: Typical questions: 11

Day 12
Multiple choice questions: 1 to 14

Day 13
Multiple choice questions: 15 to 28

Day 14
Fill in the blanks: 10

Day 15
True or False: 10

Day 16 to 20
Concept revision and test paper question solving

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Guide - 11. Nuclear Chemistry

11.1 Natural Radioactivity:Discovery and historical development
11.2 Nature and characteristics of Radioactive rays
11.3 Nuclear structure and nuclear forces
11.4 Nuclear reactions and group displacement law
Practice Problems: 11.1 to 11.8
11.5 Radioactive disintegration series
11.6 Rate of radioactivity decay
P.P. 11.9 to 11.16
11.7 Artificial transmutation of elements
11.8 Artificial or induced radioactivity
P.P. 11.17 to 11.20
11.9 Nuclear energy
P.P. 11.21 to 11.24
11.10 Nuclear fission
11.11 Atomic bomb and Nuclear reactor
11.12 Nuclear Fusion
P.P. 11.25 to 11.26
11.13 Synthetic elements
11.14 Radioactive isotopes and their uses
P.P. 11.27 to 11.38
11.15 Hazards of Nuclear radiations

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 15

Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions : 25
Short Answer Questions : 40
Long Answer Questions : 13

Competition File
Numerical Problems : 12
Objective Questions:
Multiple choice questions: 40
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan

Day 1

11.1 Natural Radioactivity:Discovery and historical development
11.2 Nature and characteristics of Radioactive rays
11.3 Nuclear structure and nuclear forces
Day 2
11.4 Nuclear reactions and group displacement law
Practice Problems: 11.1 to 11.8
11.5 Radioactive disintegration series

Day 3

11.6 Rate of radioactivity decay
P.P. 11.9 to 11.16

Day 4
11.7 Artificial transmutation of elements
11.8 Artificial or induced radioactivity
P.P. 11.17 to 11.20

Day 5
11.9 Nuclear energy
P.P. 11.21 to 11.24
11.10 Nuclear fission

Day 6
11.11 Atomic bomb and Nuclear reactor
11.12 Nuclear Fusion
P.P. 11.25 to 11.26

Day 7
11.13 Synthetic elements
11.14 Radioactive isotopes and their uses
P.P. 11.27 to 11.38

Day 8
11.15 Hazards of Nuclear radiations
Numerical problems for practice 1 to 20

Day 9
Conceptual Questions with Answers: 15
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions : 1 to 15

Day 10

Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions : 16 to 25
Revision Exercises Short Answer Questions : 1 to 20

Day 11
Revision Exercises Short Answer Questions : 21 to 40

Day 12
Competition File: Numerical Problems : 12
Day 13
Competition File: Multiple choice questions: 1 to 20
Day 14
Competition File: Multiple choice questions: 21 to 40

Day 15

Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Day 16 to 20
Concept revision, formula revision and test paper problem solving

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Guide - 12. Stereochemistry

Sections in the Chapter

12.1 Types of isomerism
12.2 Geometrical isomerism
13.3 Confirmational isomerism
12.4 Optical activity
12.5 Chirality of objects and molecules
12.6 Enantiomers
12.7 Configurations and Fisher Projections
12.8 Chiral or asymmetric carbon
12.9 Symmetry elements and chirality
12.10 Dissymetry – Condition for enantiomerism
P.P. 12.6 to 12.9
12.11 Nomenclatures for stereo- isomers
12.12 Compounds containing two chiral centres
12.13 Meso compounds
12.14 Racemic mixtures and racemisation
12.15 Resolution
12.16 Importance of Stereo Chemistry
Key facts to remember

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 1 to 10
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions : 25
Short Answer Questions : 32
Long Answer Questions : 10

Competition File: Objective Questions: Multiple choice questions: 35
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan


12.1 Types of isomerism
12.2 Geometrical isomerism
Practice problems 12.1 to 12.3

Day 2

12.3 Confirmational isomerism
12.4 Optical activity
P.P. 12.4 to 12.5

Day 3
12.5 Chirality of objects and molecules
12.6 Enantiomers
12.7 Configurations and Fisher Projections

Day 4
12.8 Chiral or asymmetric carbon
12.9 Symmetry elements and chirality
12.10 Dissymetry – Condition for enantiomerism
P.P. 12.6 to 12.9

Day 5
12.11 Nomenclatures for stereo- isomers
P.P. 12.10,12.11

Day 6
12.12 Compounds containing two chiral centres
12.13 Meso compounds
12.14 Racemic mixtures and racemisation
12.15 Resolution
12.16 Importance of Stereo Chemistry

Day 7

Key facts to remember

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 1 to 10

Day 8

Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions : 25

Day 9
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions : 32

Day 10

Competition File: Objective Questions: Multiple choice questions: 35

Day 11

Competition File:Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Day 12 to 20
Concept revision and test paper questions

JEE - Study Guide - 13. Organic Compounds with functional Groups Containing Oxygen - I (Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers)

Sections in Chapters 13A and 13B

Part A: Alcohols and phenols
13A.1 Alcohols
13.2 Nomenclature of Alcohols
13.3 Isomerism in Alcohols
Practice problems 13A. 1 to 13A.5
13.4 General methods of preparation of Alcohols
13.5 Industrial preparation of Alcohols
13.6 Physical properties of Alcohols
13.7 Chemical properties of Alcohols
13.8 Distinction between primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols
13.9 Interconversions of alcohols
P.P. 13A.6 to 13A.13

Phenols

13.10 Phenols
13.11 Nomenclature of Phenols
13.12 General methods of preparation of Phenols
13.13 Physical properties of Phenols
13.14 Chemical properties of Phenols
13.15 Distinction between alcohols and phenols
P.P. 13A.14 to 13A.22
13.16 Some commercially important alcohols
13.17
13.18
13.19

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 15
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions: 25
Short Answer Questions: 52
Long Answer Questions : 17

Competition File: typical questions: 30 (2 days)
Objective Questions: Multiple choice: 50
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10


Part B Ethers

13B.1 Nomenclature of Ethers
P.P. 13B.1 to 13B.3
13.2 Isomerism in Ethers
13.3 General methods of preparation of Ethers
P.P. 13B.4 to 13B.6
13.4 Physical properties of Ethers
13.5 Chemical properties of Ethers
13.6 Some commercially important compounds

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 10
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions: 15
Short Answer Questions : 18

Competition File
Cyclic ethers
Typical questions: 8
Objective Questions: Multiple choice: 15
True or False: 10


Study Plan

Day 1

Part A: Alcohols and phenols
13A.1 Alcohols
13.2 Nomenclature of Alcohols
13.3 Isomerism in Alcohols
Practice problems 13A. 1 to 13A.5

Day 2
13.4 General methods of preparation of Alcohols
13.5 Industrial preparation of Alcohols

Day 3
13.6 Physical properties of Alcohols
13.7 Chemical properties of Alcohols
13.8 Distinction between primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols
13.9 Interconversions of alcohols

Day 4

P.P. 13A.6 to 13A.13

Phenols

13.10 Phenols
13.11 Nomenclature of Phenols

Day 5
13.12 General methods of preparation of Phenols
13.13 Physical properties of Phenols
13.14 Chemical properties of Phenols

Day 6
13.15 Distinction between alcohols and phenols
P.P. 13A.14 to 13A.22

Day 7
13.16 Some commercially important alcohols

Day 8
Conceptual Questions with Answers: 15
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 25

Day 9

Short Answer Questions: 1 to 26

Day 10
Short Answer Questions: 27 to 52

Day 11

Part B Ethers

13B.1 Nomenclature of Ethers
P.P. 13B.1 to 13B.3
13.2 Isomerism in Ethers

Day 12
13.3 General methods of preparation of Ethers
P.P. 13B.4 to 13B.6
13.4 Physical properties of Ethers

Day 13
13.5 Chemical properties of Ethers

Day 14
13.6 Some commercially important compounds
Conceptual Questions with Answers (Ether): 10

Day 15

13A

Competition File: typical questions: I concersions and II Reaction

Revision period

Day 16

Competition File: typical questions:III Questions based on structure

Day 17
Competition File: typical questions: IV Other questions 1 to 11

Day 18
Competition File: typical questions: IV Other questions 11 to 22

Day 19
Objective Questions: Multiple choice: 1 to 25

Day 20
Objective Questions: Multiple choice: 26 to 50


Day 21
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10



Day 22
13B
13B (Ethers) Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 15

Day 23
13B (Ethers) Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions : 18

Day 24
Competition File: Cyclic ethers

Day 25


Typical questions: 8

Day 26

Objective Questions: Multiple choice: 15

Day 27

True or False: 10

Day 28 to 30
Concept revision, reactions revision

JEE - Study Guide - 14. Organic Compounds with functional Groups Containing Oxygen – II (Aldehydes, Ketones, Carboxylic Acids and their Derivatives)

Sections in the chapter

Part A: Aldehydes and Ketons

14A.1 Nomenclature of aldehydes and ketones
14.2 Isomerism in aldehydes and ketones
14.3 General methods of preparation of aldehydes and ketones
14.4 Physical properties of aldehydes and ketones
14.5 Chemical properties of aldehydes and ketones
P.P. 14A.13 to 14A.20
14.6 Commercially important carbonyl compounds
14.7 Distinction between properties of aldehydes and ketones
14.8 Distinction between some pairs (Chemical tests)

Conceptual Questions 12

Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions : 31
Short Answer Questions : 34
Long Answer Questions: 23

Competition File
Some more important reactions
Typical questions
I. IUPAC Nomenclature a to o
II Conversions a to p
III. Questions based on structure 1 to 11
IV. Complete the reactions a to q
V. Other Questions 14
Objective Questions: Multiple choice questions: 55
Fill in the blanks: 15
True or False: 8

Carboxylic acids and their derivatives

14 B.1 Carboxylic acids and
14 B. 2 Nomenclature of Carboxylic acids
14 B. 3 Preparation of Carboxylic acids
P.P. 14 B.5 to 14B.8
14 B.4 Physical properties of Carboxylic acids
14 B.5 Chemical properties of Carboxylic acids
14 B.6 Some Commercially important Carboxylic acids
14 B.7 Distinction between alcohols, phenols and Carboxylic acids
14 B.8 Distinction between some pairs (Chemical tests)
P.P. 14B.9 to 14B.15

Functional derivatives of Carboxylic acids

14 B.9 Functional derivatives of Carboxylic acids
14 B. 10 Acyl halides
14 B. 11 Acid anhydrides
14 B. 12 Esters
14 B. 13 Acid Amides
14 B. 14 Some Commercially important compounds







Conceptual Questions: 1 to 15

Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions : 23
Short Answer Questions : 31
Long Answer Questions : 16

Competition File
Typical questions
I Conversions I (i) to (iv) 2. (a) to (o)
II. Complete the reactions 1. (a) to (m)
III. Questions based on structure 1 to 8
IV. Other Questions 1 to 8

Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: Multiple questions: 48
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan

Day 1
Part A: Aldehydes and Ketons

14A.1 Nomenclature of aldehydes and ketones
14.2 Isomerism in aldehydes and ketones
Practice Problems 14A.1 to 14A. 6

Day 2

14.3 General methods of preparation of aldehydes and ketones
P.P 14A.7 to 14A.12

Day 3 &4

14.4 Physical properties of aldehydes and ketones
14.5 Chemical properties of aldehydes and ketones
P.P. 14A.13 to 14A.20

Day 5

14.6 Commercially important carbonyl compounds
14.7 Distinction between properties of aldehydes and ketones
14.8 Distinction between some pairs (Chemical tests)

Day 6

Conceptual Questions 12
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions : 31

Day 7

Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions : 34


Day 8


Carboxylic acids and their derivatives

14 B.1 Carboxylic acids and
14 B. 2 Nomenclature of Carboxylic acids
P.P. 14B.1 to 14B.4

Day 9

14 B. 3 Preparation of Carboxylic acids
P.P. 14 B.5 to 14B.8
14 B.4 Physical properties of Carboxylic acids

Day 10

14 B.5 Chemical properties of Carboxylic acids
14 B.6 Some Commercially important Carboxylic acids
14 B.7 Distinction between alcohols, phenols and Carboxylic acids
14 B.8 Distinction between some pairs (Chemical tests)

Day 11

P.P. 14B.9 to 14B.15

Functional derivatives of Carboxylic acids

14 B.9 Functional derivatives of Carboxylic acids
14 B. 10 Acyl halides

Day 12
14 B. 11 Acid anhydrides

Dah 13
14 B. 12 Esters

Day 14
14 B. 13 Acid Amides

Day 15
14 B. 14 Some Commercially important compounds



Revision Period

Day 16

14B - Conceptual Questions: 1 to 15

Day 17
14B - Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions : 23

Day 18

14B - Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions : 1 to 15

Day 19
14B - Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions : 16 to 31


Day 20



14A Competition File: Some more important reactions
14A Competition File: Typical questions I. IUPAC Nomenclature a to o

Day 21
14A Competition File: Typical questions II Conversions a to p
Day 22
14A Competition File: Typical questions III. Questions based on structure 1 to 11
Day 23
14A Competition File: Typical questions IV. Complete the reactions a to q
Day 24
14A Competition File: Typical questions V. Other Questions 14

Day 25
14A Objective Questions: Multiple choice questions: 1to 25
Day 26
14A Objective Questions: Multiple choice questions: 26 to 55

Day 27
14AFill in the blanks: 15
14ATrue or False: 8



Day 28
14B - Competition File: Typical questions - I Conversions I (i) to (iv) 2. (a) to (o)

Day 29
14B - Competition File: Typical questions - II. Complete the reactions 1. (a) to (m)

Day 30
14B - Competition File: Typical questions - III. Questions based on structure 1 to 8

Special task (Four half hours)
14B - Competition File: Typical questions - IV. Other Questions 1 to 8

14B - Objective Questions: Multiple questions: 1 to 24
14B - Objective Questions: Multiple questions: 25 to 48

14B Fill in the blanks: 10
14B True or False: 10

JEE - Study Guide - 15. Organic Compounds with functional Groups Containing Nitrogen (Nitro, Amino, Cyano and Diazo Compounds)

Sections in the chapter spread over three parts

Part A Nitro compounds

15A.1 Nomenclature of nitro compounds
15.2 Preparation of nitro compounds
15.3 Physical properties of nitro compounds
15.4 Chemical properties of nitro compounds
15.5 Uses of nitro compounds
15.6 Distinction between nitroalkanes and alkyl nitrites
15.7 Some commercially important compounds

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 6
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 20
Short Answer Questions : 30
Long Answer Questions : 8

Competition File
Typical questions
Conversions: 2
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: Multiple choice 15
Fill in the blanks: 5
True or False: 5

Part B Amines

15B.1 Nomenclature of amines
15.2 Isomerism in amines
15B.3 Preparation of amines
15B.4 Industrial Preparation of amines
15B.5 Physical properties of amines
15B.5B Chemical properties of amines
15B.6 Distinction between primary, secondary and tertiary amines
15B.7 Separation of mixture of primary, secondary and tertiary amines
15B.8 Some commercially important compounds
15B.9 Distinction between pairs of compounds


Conceptual Questions with Answers: 16
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions: 30
Short Answer Questions: 48
Long Answer Questions : 25

Competition File
Typical questions
I. Conservsions: 3
II. Questions based on structure 3
III. Complete the reactions 2
IV. Other questions 13
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: Multiple choice 40
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Part C. Cyanides and Isocyanides & Diazonium salts

Cyanides and Isocyanides
15C.1 Nomenclature of Cyanides and Isocyanides
15.2 Preparation of Cyanides and Isocyanides
15.3 Physical properties of Cyanides and Isocyanides
15.4 Chemical properties of Cyanides and Isocyanides
15.5 Uses of Cyanides and Isocyanides
15.6 Distinction between cyanide and ethyl isocyanide
Practice Problems 15C.1 to 15C.4

Diazonium salts

15.7 Nomenclature Diazonium salts
15.8 Preparation of Diazonium salts
15.9 Physical properties of Diazonium salts
15.10 Chemical properties of Diazonium salts
15.11 Importance of Benzene Diazonium salts in synthetic organic chemistry

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 4
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions : 20
Short Answer Questions : 28
Long Answer Questions 5

Competition File
Typical questions
I. Conservsions: 1
II. Questions based on structure 2

Objective Questions: Multiple choice 10
Fill in the blanks: 5
True or False: 5

Study Plan

Part A Nitro compounds

Day 1

15A.1 Nomenclature of nitro compounds
15.2 Preparation of nitro compounds
15.3 Physical properties of nitro compounds
Practice problems 15A.1 to 15A.4

Day 2
15.4 Chemical properties of nitro compounds
15.5 Uses of nitro compounds
15.6 Distinction between nitroalkanes and alkyl nitrites

Day 3
15.7 Some commercially important compounds
Conceptual Questions with Answers: 6
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 20

Day 4
Short Answer Questions : 30

Day 5
Competition File
Typical questions
Conversions: 2
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: Multiple choice 15
Fill in the blanks: 5
True or False: 5


Day 6

Part B Amines

15B.1 Nomenclature of amines
15.2 Isomerism in amines
15B.1 to 15B.3

Day 7
15B.3 Preparation of amines
15B.4 Industrial Preparation of amines
15B.5 Physical properties of amines

Day 8
15B.5B Chemical properties of amines

Day 9

15B.6 Distinction between primary, secondary and tertiary amines
15B.7 Separation of mixture of primary, secondary and tertiary amines
15B.8 Some commercially important compounds
15B.9 Distinction between pairs of compounds

Day 10

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 16
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions: 30


Day 11

Part C. Cyanides and Isocyanides & Diazonium salts

Cyanides and Isocyanides
15C.1 Nomenclature of Cyanides and Isocyanides
15.2 Preparation of Cyanides and Isocyanides
15.3 Physical properties of Cyanides and Isocyanides

Day 12
15.4 Chemical properties of Cyanides and Isocyanides
15.5 Uses of Cyanides and Isocyanides
15.6 Distinction between cyanide and ethyl isocyanide
Practice Problems 15C.1 to 15C.4


Day 13
Diazonium salts

15.7 Nomenclature Diazonium salts
15.8 Preparation of Diazonium salts
15.9 Physical properties of Diazonium salts
15.10 Chemical properties of Diazonium salts
15.11 Importance of Benzene Diazonium salts in synthetic organic chemistry

Day 14

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 4
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions : 20

Day 15

15B (Amines): Short Answer Questions: 48


Revision Peirod

Day 16
15B (Amines): Competition File
Typical questions
I. Conservsions: 3
II. Questions based on structure 3

Day 17
15B (Amines): Competition File
Typical questions

III. Complete the reactions 2
IV. Other questions 13

Day 18
Objective Questions: Multiple choice 1 to 20

Day 19

Objective Questions: Multiple choice 21 to 40

Day 20

Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Day 21

15c (Diazonium salts): Conceptual Questions with Answers: 4
Concept revision

Day 21
15c (Diazonium salts): Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions : 20

Day 22
15c (Diazonium salts): Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions : 28
Day 23
Competition File
Typical questions
I. Conservsions: 1
II. Questions based on structure 2

Day 24
Objective Questions: Multiple choice 10
Fill in the blanks: 5
True or False: 5

Day 25 to 30
Concept revision and test paper questions

JEE - Study Guide - 16. Polymers

Sections in the chapter - Jauhar

16.1 Polymers
16.2 Classification of Polymers
16.3 General methods of Polymerisation
16.4 Mechanism of addition Polymerisation
16.5 Copolymers
16.6 Natural rubber
16.7 Condensation of Polymers
16.8 Molecular masses of Polymers
16.9 Biopolymers
16.10 Biodegradable Polymers
16.11 Some Commercially important Polymers

Practice problems 16.1 to 16.3
Conceptual Questions with Answers: 10
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions 26
Short Answer Questions 53

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: Multiple choice 22
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Study Plan

Day 1

16.1 Polymers
16.2 Classification of Polymers
16.3 General methods of Polymerisation

Day 2
16.4 Mechanism of addition Polymerisation
16.5 Copolymers
16.6 Natural rubber

Day 3
16.7 Condensation of Polymers
16.8 Molecular masses of Polymers
16.9 Biopolymers
16.10 Biodegradable Polymers
Day 4

16.11 Some Commercially important Polymers


Day 5
Practice problems 16.1 to 16.3
Conceptual Questions with Answers: 10
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 1 to 15

Day 6
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 16 to 26

Day 7
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions 1 to 30

Day 8
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions 31 to 53

Day 9
Competition File: Objective Questions: Multiple choice 22
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 10

Day 10
Concept Revision

Days 11 to 20
Test paper question solving

JEE - Study Guide - 17. Biomolecules

Sections in the chapter - Jauhar

17.1 The Cell
17.2 Energy cycle
17.3 Carbohydrates
17.4 Monosaccharides
17.5 Disaccharides
17.6 Polysaccharides
17.7 Important functions of carbohydrates
17.8 Aminoacids
17.9 Structure of alpha-Amino acids
17.10 Peptides and proteins
17.11 Proteins
17.12 Classification of proteins
17.13 Structure of proteins
17.14 Forces that stabilize protein structures
17.15 Native states and denaturation of proteins
17.16 Enzymes
17.17 Nucleic acids
17.18 Structure of DNA
17.19 Lipids
17.20 Hormones
17.21 Vitamins


Conceptual Questions with Answers: 23
Additional Numerical Problems for Practice:
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions 43
Short Answer Questions 80
Long Answer Questions

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: Multiple choice: 27
Fill in the blanks: 14
True or False: 10

Study Plan

Day 1

17.1 The Cell
17.2 Energy cycle
17.3 Carbohydrates
Day 2
17.4 Monosaccharides

Day 3
17.5 Disaccharides
17.6 Polysaccharides
17.7 Important functions of carbohydrates

Day 4
17.8 Aminoacids
17.9 Structure of alpha-Amino acids
17.10 Peptides and proteins
17.11 Proteins

Day 5
17.12 Classification of proteins
17.13 Structure of proteins
17.14 Forces that stabilize protein structures
17.15 Native states and denaturation of proteins

Day 6
17.16 Enzymes
17.17 Nucleic acids
17.18 Structure of DNA

Day 7
17.19 Lipids
17.20 Hormones
17.21 Vitamins

Day 8

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 23
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 1 to 20


Day 9

Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions 21 to 43
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions 1 to 10

Day 10
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions 11 to 40


Revision Period
Day 11
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions 41 to 60

Day 12
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions 61 to 80


Day 13
Competition File:Objective Questions: Multiple choice: 27

Day 14
Fill in the blanks: 14
True or False: 10

Day 15 to 20
Concept revision and test paper question solving

IIT JEE Chemistry - Study Guide - 18. Chemistry in Everyday Life

Sections in the chapter – Jauhar

18.1 Chemical medicines and health care
18.2 Dyes
18.3 Chemicals in Cosmetics
18.4 Advanced materials
18.5 Chemicals in food
18.6 Detergents
18.7 Insect repellants: pheromones and sex attractants
18.8 Chemistry of rocket propellants

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 14
Revision Exercises
Very Short Answer questions : 40
Short Answer Questions : 59

Competition File
Numerical Problems
Objective Questions: Multiple choice questions 16
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 5

Study Plan


Day 1
18.1 Chemical medicines and health care

Day 2
18.2 Dyes
18.3 Chemicals in Cosmetics

Day 3
18.4 Advanced materials
18.5 Chemicals in food

Day 4
18.6 Detergents
18.7 Insect repellants: pheromones and sex attractants
18.8 Chemistry of rocket propellants

Conceptual Questions with Answers: 14

Day 5
Revision Exercises: Very Short Answer questions : 40
Day 6

Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions : 1 to 30

Day 7
Revision Exercises: Short Answer Questions : 31 to 59

Day 8

Competition File:
Objective Questions: Multiple choice questions 16
Fill in the blanks: 10
True or False: 5

Day 9
Concept Revision

Day 10
Test paper questions

Saturday, February 7, 2009

Schrodinger’s Equation

Quantum mechanics describes the spectra in a much better way than Bohr’s model.

Electron has a wave character as well as a particle character. The wave function of the electron ψ(r,t ) is obtained by solving Schrodinger’s wave equation. The probability of finding an electron is high where | ψ(r,t )|² is greater. Not only the information about the electron’s position but information about all the properties including energy etc. that we calculated using the Bohr’s postulates are contained in the wave function of ψ(r,t).

Quantum Mechanics of the Hydrogen Atom

The wave function of the electron ψ(r,t) is obtained from the Schrodinger’s equation

-(h²/8π²m) [∂²ψ /∂x² + ∂²ψ /∂y² + ∂²ψ/∂z²] - Ze²ψ/4πε0r = E ψ


where
(x.y,z ) refers to a point with the nucleus as the origin and r is the distance of this point from the nucleus.
E refers to the energy.
Z is the number of protons.

There are infinite number of functions ψ(r,t) which satisfy the equations.

These functions may be characterized by three parameters n,l, and ml.

For each combination of n,l, and ml there is an associated unique value of E of the atom of the ion.

The energy of the wave function of characterized by n,l, and ml depends only on n and may be written as


En = - mZ²e4/8 ε0²h²n²

These energies are identical with Bohr’s model energies.

The paramer n is called the principal quantum number, l the orbital angular momentum quantum number and ml. The magnetic quantum number.

When n = 1, the wave function of the hydrogen atom is

ψ(r) = ψ100 = √(Z³/ π a0²) *(e-r/ a0)


ψ100 denotes that n =1, l = 0 and ml = 0

a0 = Bohr radius

In quantum mechanics, the idea of orbit is invalid. At any instant the wve function is spread over large distances in space, and wherever ψ≠ 0, the presence of electron may be felt.

The probability of finding the electron in a small volume dV is | ψ(r)| ² dV
We can calculate the probability p(r)dr of finding the electron at a distance between r and r+dr from the nucleus.

In the ground state for hydrogen atom it comes out to be

P(r) = (4/ a0)r²e -2r/ a0

The plot of P(r) versus r shows that P(r) is maximum at r = a0 Which the Bohr’s radius.

But when we put n =2, the maximum probability comes at two radii one near r = a0 and the other at r = 5.4 a0. According to Bohr model all electrons should be at r = 4 a0.

Sunday, February 1, 2009

Carboxylic Acids - Physical Properties - Revision Points

a. Physical state and smell

The first three members are colourless liquids and have pungent smell. The next six members are oily liquids with a faint unpleasant odour.

Still higher acids are colourless waxy solids.

Benzoic acids and its homologues are colourless solids.

b. Boiling points

They have higher boiling points than the corresponding alcohols of comparable molecular masses.

Carboxylic acids have higher boiling points due to the presence of intramolecular hydrogen bonding. Due to the hydrogen bonding, carboxylic acids exist as dimers.

c. Melting point

In the case of first ten carboxylic acids, the melting points of acids containing even number of carbon atoms is higher than the next lower and higher member containing odd number of carbon atoms.

The melting and boiling points of aromatic acids are usually higher than those of aliphatic acids of comparable molecular masses.

d. Solubility in water

The first four members of aliphatic carboxylic acids are very soluble in water. The solubility in water decreases gradually with rise in molecular mass. All are soluble in alcohol or ether.

Benzoic acid is sparingly soluble in cold water but is soluble in hot water, alcohol and ether.