12 General Principles And Processes Of Isolation Of Metals
Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores;
Steps involved in the extraction of metals - concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic
methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe;
Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.
Self Reduction of Copper
Carbon Reduction Method
Electrolytic reduction method